SAMR & Bloom’s Taxonomy: Rigorous 21st Century Instruction
Bloom’s Taxonomy, the learning hierarchy that consists of understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating, has hit classrooms by storm over the past few decades, many of which are focused on school turn-around. As much as it streamlined my lesson planning because I could easily determine the rigor of the lesson, it also made teaching with technology more challenging. I found it tough to think outside of the Bloom’s “box” and integrate tech because I felt limited to what I knew was possible when the power verb was so specific.
What I failed to realize was there existed a similar depth of knowledge understanding for technology: SAMR. The SAMR model is a framework developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura that identifies four degrees of technology integration for instruction. SAMR stands for substitution, augmentation, modification, and redefinition. As I began navigating my way through the SAMR model, I wondered why I hadn’t known about this before. It was plain and simple to understand!
Substituting a basic activity for another technology-integrated basic activity. There is no change in the activity regardless of the presence of technology.
Technology has a tool to help make the task a bit easier. There is very little change between the activity with and without technology, but change is noticeable.
Common tasks are modified to increase accomplishment through technology.
Learning is redefined with novel tasks that were unable to be accomplished before technology.
Once I started looking at my tech integration through the lens of SAMR, lesson planning became easier because I could identify how deep I wanted to dive into technology with my students; it was our technology roadmap. But when asked about the correlation of SAMR to Bloom’s and how it “fit” into the rigor of instruction, I struggled to correlate the two hierarchies. Yet, they CAN and should live in tandem! Use the guide below to help you develop rigorous 21st century lessons through the lens of both Bloom’s and SAMR. Don’t be afraid to reach out, try, and even fail forward!